doctor taking blood pressure of a girl

Can Smoking Cause High Blood pressure? Know the Effects

Cigarette smoking has been shown to cause transient increases in blood pressure. In addition to this, there is evidence suggesting it is the cause of high blood pressure that is not obvious.

According to ResearchTrusted Source, nicotine, the primary component found in cigarette smoke, causes a rise in the release of the hormones adrenaline and norepinephrine, both of which contribute to an elevation in blood pressure.

Quitting smoking may result in a decrease in blood pressure, a lower risk of heart attack and stroke, and a reduction in the severity of high blood pressure.

In addition to this, it investigates the availability of assistance as well as the possibility that giving up smoking might bring down high blood pressure. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? please find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Do smokers elevate blood pressure?

Every time a person smokes, there is a momentary increase in their blood pressure.

Although specialists are aware that smoking increases the risk of heart attack and stroke, they have not yet determined how much of an impact smoking has on blood pressure overall. In spite of this, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source classifies smoking as a factor that increases the likelihood of developing high blood pressure.

There are more than one billion individuals in the globe who suffer from high blood pressure. Yet, since the condition does not always present any symptoms, a person may be unaware that they have it.

How does blood pressure work?

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood that is rich in oxygen to all parts of the body. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the arterial walls.

While determining someone’s blood pressure, two values are taken into consideration. The first number, which indicates the pressure in the arteries as the heart beats, is called the systolic pressure. Diastolic pressure is the pressure that is measured in the arteries in between the contractions of the heart, and it is denoted by the second number.

It is regarded to be normal for a person’s blood pressure to be less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Some medical professionals consider a measurement that is regularly more than 130/80 mm Hg to be indicative of high blood pressure.

According to Trusted Source, hypertension is a reading that is consistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg; however, some medical professionals use a different definition. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? please find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Smoking and high blood pressure.

Among the research that has been done on the connection between smoking and high blood pressure, there have been some inconsistencies found. For example, research conducted in 2018 that looked at the connection between smoking and high blood pressure among Indonesian people was unable to find any evidence of such a connection.


  • Since smoking is not permitted in a doctor’s office, it is possible that a patient’s blood pressure may seem to be normal while they are there. Nevertheless, this risk is often increased when smokers smoke over the course of the day.

Undiagnosed hypertension poses a significant health risk. It is possible that having this condition might elevate the risk of having a heart attack or stroke in the same way that having consistently high blood pressure would.

The following is a list of some of the symptoms of high blood pressure:

  • Headaches
  • Nose bleeds
  • Confusion
  • Problems with one’s vision, such as haziness or other impairments to one’s eyesight
  • Distress or pain localized to the chest (sometimes both)
  • Lightheadedness and dizziness are two examples of the symptoms.
  • Feelings that bring to feelings of unease
  • Unease and shallower than normal breathing
  • Abnormal heart rhythm Having the sensation that something is thumping on your chest
  • Blood in the urine.

Why does smoking produce an increase in one’s blood pressure?

According to Study Reliable Source, the fact that nicotine stimulates the synthesis of adrenaline and norepinephrine means that it has the potential to induce an increase in blood pressure. These hormones are responsible for controlling the fight-or-flight response that a person has.

As a consequence of the activity of adrenaline and norepinephrine, the smooth muscles in particular blood arteries may contract, reducing the region through which blood may flow. This might result in a decrease in blood flow. Blood pressure increases as a result.

The condition known as atherosclerosis is characterized by the accumulation of fatty substances inside the arteries in the form of plaque. The buildup of plaque may thus narrow the blood vessels, which might result in an increase in blood pressure. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? please find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Can quit smoking lower blood pressure?

It is possible that quitting smoking, in addition to making other modifications to your lifestyle, can aid in decreasing your blood pressure and minimizing the likelihood that you may have a stroke. If you smoke cigarettes and also have high cholesterol levels, a diagnosis of obesity, or a family history that makes you genetically susceptible, your risk of developing high blood pressure may be increased.

Other risk factors include obesity, high cholesterol levels, and family history that makes you genetically susceptible. This is particularly important to keep in mind if someone in your family has a history of hypertension.

In addition to these, it’s possible that one has to make changes to the way they live their life in order to effectively minimize the dangers. The following modifications are included in these changes:

Quitting smoking may have a significant and favorable effect on a person’s general health. This is because smoking raises the likelihood of developing a number of diseases and conditions, such as emphysema, lung cancer, and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), among other conditions.

It is best for the prevention of irreversible damage to blood vessels to give up smoking at a younger age; nevertheless, it is never too late for a long-time smoker to make the choice to give up smoking.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Quitting Smoking.

Quitting unhealthy habits like smoking is the most effective way to lower one’s chances of acquiring hypertension and other related conditions. Not only will smoking and being around other people who are smoking raise your blood pressure, but it will also put you at a larger risk of having a heart attack or a stroke. This is because high blood pressure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

The only way to know for sure that smoking is not negatively impacting any aspect of your life in any way, shape, or form is to finally kick the habit and give up cigarettes. The following are some of the most important factors that contribute to effective smoking cessation (quitting):

  • Keeping a focus on your motivation, such as compiling a list of the reasons you want to quit, putting together a plan, and asking for assistance from one’s loved ones and those who are in your immediate circle of friends and family are all important steps.
  • Be ready ahead of time to use treatment alternatives such as the nicotine patch.
  • It is really vital to come up with a strategy in advance to deal with withdrawal symptoms.


Notwithstanding the tremendous improvements that have been made, an unacceptably high number of young people still smoke cigarettes. Even more worrying is the fact that the rate of decline for smokeless tobacco has either leveled out or begun to grow in recent times. This is a particularly alarming discovery given that nicotine addiction may lead to chronic cigarette smoking, which in turn raises the risk of major health issues.

Because of this, the medical profession and the public health community are unable to focus sufficient emphasis on the relevance of avoiding all forms of tobacco use in young people. This is a problem since preventing tobacco use in young people is very important.

Reducing hypertension risk for smokers and nonsmokers.

The CDCTrusted Source offers readers a number of recommendations as potential ways to assist in lowering blood pressure. They are composed of:

1. Healthy, balanced diet.

This requires ingesting a large number of fruits and vegetables while simultaneously decreasing one’s intake of salt and saturated fat.

2. Regular exercise.

Make an effort to participate in some kind of moderate exercise for at least half an hour, five days a week.

3. Maintain your weight.

The risk is increased by both being obese and overweight.

4. Get an adequate amount of rest.

A healthy heart and blood vessels may be maintained by receiving an adequate amount of sleep.

5. Limit alcohol consumption.

In order to keep their blood pressure in healthy ranges, men should limit their intake of alcoholic drinks to no more than two per day, while women should limit their intake to no more than one alcoholic beverage per day.

Does giving up smoking result in a decrease in blood pressure?

Prior research on the influence of cessation programs on high blood pressure has yielded findings that are not consistent with one another. But, researchers are still trying to figure out how the two are connected to one another.

One study, conducted by 2021Trusted Source, investigated the results of a smoking cessation program in Taiwan that took place from 2017 to 2018, and in which 721 people took part. According to the findings, the therapy was successful in significantly lowering both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Individuals with high blood pressure had higher reductions in their symptoms than those whose blood pressure was normal.

Notwithstanding any uncertainty over the effect quitting smoking would have on high blood pressure, smoking remains the leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States.

In most cases, avoiding smoking and being in environments with secondhand smoke may improve general health and reduce the risk of acquiring a number of different health problems. Despite the length of time, a person has been a smoker, quitting smoking may actually improve a person’s ability to breathe and lower the likelihood that they would get unwell.

Getting help to quit smoking is a good idea.

The chances of successfully quitting smoking increased by a factor of four when assistance was provided. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

The following resources are available from the CDCTrusted Source for smokers who are seeking support:

1. Counseling.

Counseling may be helpful in making a plan to quit smoking and in being ready to cope with the withdrawal symptoms and cravings that come along with it. A person may choose to take part in either private one-on-one therapy sessions or group therapy sessions with other people.

2. Medication.

A person who is interested in quitting smoking should discuss the possible advantages of nicotine replacement therapy with their primary care physician.

3. Quitline counseling.

Individuals may be eligible to get free personalized coaching over the phone from a competent professional.
Participating in a support group could also bring inspiration and encouragement to those who need it.

Does Smoking Increase Your Risk of High Blood Pressure?

Your blood pressure and pulse rise as soon as you light up a cigarette. After smoking, it takes around 20 minutes for your blood pressure and pulse to recover to normal. But do they last over time?

It is unknown whether smoking cigarettes raises the risk of hypertension as well. Your blood pressure will be continuously elevated at that point. But, frequent brief blood pressure increases might potentially harm you.

While the danger of hypertension from smoking is not entirely understood, we do know that giving up smoking may enhance general health and lower your risk of various cardiovascular issues. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Blood pressure briefly rises when you smoke. When you smoke, your sympathetic nervous system is instantly activated, which quickly raises your blood pressure (SNS).

Your SNS regulates how your body reacts to stress or danger. Hormonal signals produce more blood flow to your muscles when your SNS is active. You become more nervous and vigilant as a result. Your heart rate and blood pressure will increase as a consequence.

Your SNS is affected by smoking, which also raises your heart rate and blood pressure. This may erode the artery walls over time and increase your chance of developing a variety of severe heart diseases.

In your arteries, fatty deposits known as plaque may accumulate as a result of smoking. Atherosclerosis is the name of this condition. If left untreated, it may result in a heart attack and a stroke. Your arteries’ rate of plaque development may accelerate if you have high blood pressure. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Vaping vs smoking.

The usage of electronic cigarettes or vaping has been more widespread over the last several years. Vaping is promoted as a healthier alternative to regular cigarettes by several vape makers. Studies on the impacts of vaping, however, remain tentative.

Evidence suggests a connection between vaping and hypertension. For instance, a 2018 research discovered that using e-cigarettes shortly after having hypertension resulted in a substantial increase in blood pressure.

Trusted Source discovered that e-cigarettes and hypertension were related in a similar way, although experts emphasized the need for more long-term studies.

Do cigarettes make me more susceptible to hypertension?

The relationship between smoking and hypertension is not entirely understood by researchers. The risk of several cardiovascular diseases rises when a person smokes.

Studies examining the connection between smoking and high blood pressure, however, have produced inconsistent findings.

Smokers often had lower blood pressure than never-smokers, according to a study by Trusted Source of 141,317 participants. Men who used to smoke had a greater risk of hypertension than current smokers, according to a 2017 study.

According to researchersTrusted Source, this may partly be the result of weight gain that is typical in the first two years after quitting smoking. According to a second 2017 study, this may be because smoking’s long-lasting consequences often don’t manifest until later in life.

On the other hand, any adverse consequences of quitting smoking are transient.

We do know that smoking is associated with a higher risk of many other health disorders, including cardiovascular diseases, even though study on this subject is continuing.

The health effects of smoking are thus evident, despite the fact that we do not completely understand the risk of hypertension for smokers.

What signs or symptoms indicate hypertension?

It’s common to refer to hypertension as a “silent” disease. Many hypertensives are completely symptomless. Moreover, the little increase in blood pressure brought on by smoking often returns to normal within 20 minutes. This implies that it often goes undetected during a physical. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

When high blood pressure symptoms do materialize, they may include:

  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • A nosebleed
  • Confusion
  • Hazy or fuzzy vision
  • Breathing difficulty irregular pulse experiencing a beating or racing heart crimson or pink urine

Should those who have high blood pressure stop smoking?

It’s advised that smokers with high blood pressure give up smoking. According to 2016 research, smoking may exacerbate hypertension, particularly in younger persons.

Smokers have a tougher difficulty controlling their blood pressure, even while using blood pressure medicine, according to the American College of Cardiology.

Remember that each time you smoke, your blood pressure will briefly increase as a result of smoking. Even the effects of blood pressure drugs like amlodipine might be weakened by smoking, according to a 2005 study.

A risk factor for cardiovascular disease is hypertension. A 2021 research found that persons who cut down on smoking had a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

If I smoke, how can I avoid developing hypertension?

One of the greatest methods to reduce your chances of developing numerous cardiovascular diseases is to stop smoking. You may also do the following to reduce your blood pressure:

  • Keeping a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly, using alcohol in moderation, and maintaining a salt-free, nutrient-rich diet
  • Taking any blood pressure drugs that your doctor has recommended for you managing and reducing your stress

How does your body respond when you eventually break the habit?

Many individuals smoke cigarettes despite being aware of the risks that come with doing so and yet feeling unable to quit. The thought of giving up nicotine might be absolutely overwhelming for some smokers. Some individuals worry that they have physically harmed themselves in the long run. But it is absolutely not the case.

Even one hour after your last cigarette, your body will start to feel the benefits of stopping tobacco usage. It is not worth it to indulge in a nicotine habit even knowing that it might raise the risk of getting hypertension and other ailments.

You will experience the long-term advantages sooner if you can break the habit, such as a decreased chance of:

  • Coronary disease
  • Stroke
  • Asthma
  • Pulmonary tumors
  • Bronchitis

Your body starts the process of becoming healthy again the moment you ultimately decide to stop smoking.

1. 20 minutes later.

This is a big step in the right direction since high blood pressure is a leading cause of mortality in the United States and because its lethal consequences are often misdiagnosed or disregarded due to a lack of symptoms.

2. After twelve hours.

One of the numerous dangers that smoking tobacco exposes your body to is carbon monoxide. In sufficient quantities, carbon monoxide is dangerous and may be lethal due to the lack of oxygen in the blood and lungs. Large amounts that are quickly inhaled have the potential to suffocate the victim.

Further to raising heart rate, causing nausea and vomiting, and giving you a headache, cigarettes contain toxic compounds.

Without smoking, the body can flush out enough carbon monoxide after about a half-day. As carbon monoxide levels return to normal, the concentration of oxygen increases. You really need this for the proper functioning of your nervous system, cardiovascular system, and other organs. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

3. Day after day.

After only one day of quitting, the smoking-related increase in heart attack risk is significantly decreased. After a day, your oxygen levels will have improved, giving you more energy to do heart-healthy workouts and activities.

4. 48 hours later.

The toxins in cigarettes have the potential to disrupt the nerves that regulate your perception of taste and smell. After quitting smoking, your sense of taste and smell will improve quickly, often within the first two days.

5. 72-hour latency.

If you stop smoking, your body’s nicotine level will start to decline after 72 hours. While getting rid of nicotine from your body is good for you, as your body adapts to living without the substance, you can suffer withdrawal symptoms including anxiety, melancholy, and irritability.

6. Between 2 and 12 weeks.

You ought to feel an increase in blood flow during this period. After a few weeks, feelings could intensify and your extremities might become warmer. Your blood pressure, oxygen levels, and pulse all become better as your blood flows normally.

You can also have less coughing and shortness of breath as your lungs become stronger. And for some people, it means they’ll have renewed energy to run and leap.

7. Nine months.

Your lungs will have recovered to the point that you feel your body has more energy at this time. After being exposed to cigarette smoke, your cilia, which resemble hair, will be totally healed. You’ll have reduced coughing, breathing issues, and lung infections.

8. Next one to five years.

The risk of heart disease and stroke decreases as soon as you stop smoking, and it keeps decreasing each year after that. Since they are no longer exposed to the poisons in nicotine. Your body’s blood vessels and arteries start to enlarge five years after you stop smoking.

As a result, the likelihood of hypertension and stroke decreases with time as the blood can flow freely through the capillaries. Can smoking cause high blood pressure? find out how it affects your health and get advice on quitting here.

Quitting smoking reduces high blood pressure by what percentage?

Blood pressure may decrease by at least 10-20 mm Hg as a consequence of quitting smoking and other lifestyle changes. Routine modifications, such as:

  • Using care while drinking
  • keeping a healthy diet
  • keeping a regular workout schedule
  • The advantages of a diet low in salt

If you’ve just started smoking, it’s critical to quit as soon as you can to avoid dealing with irreversible blood vessel damage. Even if you’ve smoked for a long time, quitting smoking still has a lot of benefits.

Is vaping preferable to smoking cigarettes?

The use of smokeless tobacco products like e-cigarettes is rising. Despite the fact that tobacco control programs have decreased the number of smokers in the United States from 20.9% in 2005 to 12.5% in 2023.

Individuals who struggle with a tobacco use problem could consider switching to vape pens or other electronic cigarettes in place of regular cigarettes. Even though smoking cigarettes is still riskier than vaping, it is still not a safe alternative.

A variety of distinct substances were discovered in vape items, according to research5 done at Johns Hopkins University. When nicotine, along with other chemicals and flavoring, is heated in electronic cigarettes, vaping is more enticing.

Vaping lessens your exposure to the over 7,000 harmful compounds that are included in cigarettes. Vaping, however, has been linked to incidences of lung damage and even fatalities. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 68 persons have already passed away from lung damage brought on by using e-cigarettes as of February 2020.

Moreover, the main ingredient in e-cigarette products, nicotine, is a highly addictive drug. So, those who vape will keep doing so as long as they need to in order to feed their addiction.


You may get a vape pen with a greater voltage or a cartridge with a larger nicotine dose if you want to increase your nicotine consumption. As a result, hypertension is more likely, and the adrenaline rush accelerates the heart rate.

The incidence of these illnesses is projected to increase in the near future as a result of the growing popularity of e-cigarettes among young people who incorrectly believe they are safer than regular cigarettes. The 2021 National Youth Tobacco Survey6 indicates that 1.72 million high school students in the United States use e-cigarettes.

The Repercussions of Cigarette Use on the Cardiovascular System.

Those who already have hypertension have a higher chance of acquiring cardiovascular disease owing to cigarette smoking. Which is a substantial risk factor for the illness that may be avoided to a large extent. Those who smoke have a higher likelihood of getting certain illnesses due to their habit.

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Stroke
  • An abnormally high level of cholesterol in the blood.
  • The constriction and hardening of the arteries caused by atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis)

Nicotine, the chemical that causes addiction and can be found in combustible cigarettes and other tobacco products, has been found to quickly raise one’s blood pressure as a result of the short-term impact it has on the sympathetic nervous system.

This discovery was made after it was found that nicotine. The chemical that causes addiction and can be found in combustible cigarettes and other tobacco products.
3 Stopping smoking should be a top goal for anybody who already has high blood pressure. But it should be especially important for smokers who already have this condition.

Many people, including those who smoke cigarettes, are unaware that they have high blood pressure. Because the symptoms, in the event, that there are any, are generic and, as a result, can be attributed to a wide variety of different medical disorders. This is why it is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly.

The use of cigarettes and the accompanying risks to one’s health.

Due to the fact that smoking affects your blood pressure. You have a larger chance of developing any of the following conditions than someone who does not smoke:

  • Diseases affecting the kidneys
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Stroke

The following are examples of additional complexities:

  • Dementia, whether it be Alzheimer’s disease or another kind
  • Infertility or malfunction relating to sexual activity
  • Ailment affecting the arteries in the extremities

Tobacco use may also have an adverse interaction with some drugs. Such as the anti-asthma medication Theo-24, the antidepressant Clozaril (clozapine), and the antipsychotic Olanzapine (olanzapine), according to the findings of certain studies (theophylline).

This is the situation with a large variety of medicines, including Inderal LA and other drugs used to treat high blood pressure, that is metabolized (processed in the body) owing to the activity of the CYP1A2 enzyme. These drugs are metabolized in order to remove them from the system (propranolol).


Smoking is one of the worst things you can do to yourself if you have hypertension. Cigarette nicotine is extremely addictive and has been associated with a higher risk of hypertension. While many individuals use electronic cigarettes as a safer option or a stepping stone to quitting, they are not recognized as effective assistance for doing so.

Many people use vape pens to attempt to quit smoking. But many inevitably go back to traditional cigarettes or electronic cigarettes. This shows that there is still a significant risk that you may acquire hypertension.

If high blood pressure is an issue, smoking should be completely stopped. No matter how long you’ve smoked, if you eventually give up, your body will start to heal itself right away.

The Food and Drug Administration has approved many strategies7 for assisting smokers in quitting. A doctor can advise you on the best quitting tool or program if you’re having problems getting over withdrawal symptoms.

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